Aim: The authors report the stomatological features of monkeypox (mpox) observed in the first confirmed case of mpox in Côte d’Ivoire.
Observation: It is a patient aged 46 with a confirmed PCR diagnosis of mpox. Clinical examination noted a varioliform rash particularly marked on the face and associated with cervical lymphadenopathy. The lesions also occupied the oral cavity and oropharynx with a characteristic enanthema. This condition required a correct management based on local care, correct analgesia and local anesthesia which allows a quick return to a normal diet.
Conclusion: Mpox is an emerging disease in a global outbreak. Its maxillofacial features and their management are poorly described in the literature. The skin rash of mpox is characteristic, particularly marked on the face and constantly associated with cervical lymphadenopathy. During an epidemic, any varioliform lesion should lead to the diagnosis of mpox and the protocol in force in the country concerned must be applied.
Key words: Mpox, monkeypox, Enanthema, Endobuccal pustules, Case report